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はじめに Switzerland スイス


At a Glance

Switzerland’s 15,941 square miles (41,285 square kilometers) cover geographically, linguistically and culturally diverse territory. Within its population of 7.6 million (2011 estimate), German is the majority language (spoken by 63.7%) but counts as one of three official languages, along with French (20.4%) and Italian (6.5%). The workforce of 4.62 million is occupied primarily in services (73.2%), followed by industry (23.4%) and agriculture (3.4%).

Financial Facts
  • Estimated GDP (2010) of US$324.5 billion or US$42,600 per capita
  • GDP grew 2.6% from 2009-2010
  • Services account for 71.2% of GDP
  • Industry generates 27.5% of GDP. Switzerland’s major industries include machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, tourism, banking, and insurance.
  • Agriculture generates 1.3% of GDP

According to the Federation of International Trade Associations (FITA), foreign trade has a nearly 80% share in Switzerland’s GDP, with exports generating nearly one half of GDP. The country’s largest trading partner is the European Union, which accounts for two thirds of its total foreign trade, the organization says.

Perhaps you’re interested in establishing a partnership with one of the country’s exporters. You may be considering joint ventures with Swiss companies, franchise or licensing opportunities or sales of your products and services in Switzerland. Whatever your interests and needs, the resources provided here will lead you to information that can support your entry into this market.

The U.S. Department of State reports that although it has few natural resources, Switzerland is one of the world’s most advanced and prosperous nations. Per capita income is among the highest in the world, as are wages. Trade has been the key to prosperity in Switzerland. The country is dependent upon export markets to generate income while dependent upon imports for raw materials and to expand the range of goods and services available in the country. Switzerland has liberal investment and trade policies, with the exception of agriculture, and a conservative fiscal policy.